Factors that Contribute to Pressure Vessel Failure

December 13, 2019

Engineers just have to look at the latest pressure vessel rupture alerts to see how serious this issue has become. To combat the dangers, investigative teams are assembling. They trek to the source of recent failures to examine the damage, to determine the causative factors that are shared by the various accident sites. Their goal is to compile an investigative report, one that'll eventually cause a dramatic fall-off in vessel accidents.

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Pressure Vessel Regulations in Australia: What are the Mandatory Requirements?

December 2, 2019

In order to safeguard the Australian populace, pressure vessels in our nation are backed by a comprehensively researched set of site-protecting guidelines. In reality, these are more than guiding principles. They're legislative documents, lawfully conceived and instituted directives that must be heeded. By the designers, by the site managers and employees, by all maintenance contractors, too, these regulations are written in stone as mandatory requirements.

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Types and Applications of Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers

November 22, 2019

Engineers rarely work in settings that afford simple binary determinations. Trained to draft custom-designed products, systems that explicitly suit uniquely specced, client-nominated applications, there are many shades of grey to sift through before a blueprint can be finalized.

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How to Identify Fatigue Points While Inspecting Pressure Vessels

November 5, 2019

Although it's true that pressure vessels are put through the proverbial wringer when subjected to an inspection, potential fatigue points aren't quick to make themselves known. Of some concern, especially if the stress has only recently made itself known, vessel fatigue predicaments can elude an inspector's keen eye. To prevent one from flying under the radar, a change in approach is probably a good idea.

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Potential Stresses on Pressure Vessel Walls to Consider During the Design Process

October 21, 2019

Foreign terms are used when describing pressure vessel wall stresses. Well, let's say that they're foreign to the average engineer but very familiar to every fluid containment specialist. Hoop stress, fluid state change stress, temperature transient expansion and contraction stress, all of these metal-fatiguing pressures push outwards. Of course, since these containment units are designed from highly durable alloys, they're intended to be thin-walled vessels. And therein lies the problem.

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De-ethanizer Column Manufacturing: How Should This Product Work?

October 7, 2019

De-ethanizer columns shape the skylines of chemical processing plants. That's how large these towering metal structures can become, so a chosen manufacturing partner must be equipped to handle this kind of large-scale fabrication work. Functionally, the pressure vessels that fall under this fractionation category are designed to separate ethane from hydrocarbon-rich natural gas streams. In reality, there's more to the process than a simple separation mechanism.

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The Importance of Determining the Right Size of Pressure Vessels

September 26, 2019

As observed in past articles, pressure vessels are made in different shapes. Dependent on a containment unit's role, it could assume a spheroidal outline, a cylindrical shape, or some kind of composite outline, midway between a sphere and a cylinder. Indeed, these capsule shapes are popular across countless industrial applications.

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Safety Parameters Considered During Pressure Vessel Design and Testing

September 9, 2019

According to engineering manuals, pressure vessels are exactingly fabricated containment units. Each tank-like fluid shell is designed by engineering professionals to safely contain overwhelming outward-acting fluid energies. The pressures rise above 100 kPa and keep on climbing. Then there are temperature fluctuations and chemical reactions, which add more punch to an already strained metal framework.

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Understanding the Different Types of Pressure Vessel Heads and their Applications

August 22, 2019

It's easy to point out a pair of hemispherical pressure vessel heads. They look like half-sphere end caps. Indeed, their perfectly round outlines make fluid storage vessels look like giant pills. Designed to provide a consistent dish radius, this ideal shape is popular because it's good at distributing heavy fluid pressures.

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Important Requirements for Pressure Vessel Manufacturing

August 7, 2019

Pressure vessels contain all kinds of fluids, some of which are combustible. Other containment facilities store non-combustible gases and liquids. True, these are two different installation layouts, but they have one thing in common: both facility types contain massive amounts of kinetic energy.

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Understanding the Influence of Location on Determining Pressure Vessel Design

July 18, 2019

Aren't there already too many design factors to govern when designing pressure vessels? Fluid temperatures and pressures impact wall thicknesses and vessel geometries and alloy selections. Then there's the problem of catalysing state changes and who knows how many other process-dependent conditions, all of which require additional planning, as marked down on a draft revision. As if all of these elements weren't already hard enough to juggle, there are situational determinants to consider as well.

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Factors that Affect the Structural Integrity and Performance of a Pressure Vessel

July 4, 2019

Standing in harsh industrial settings, pressure vessels are built to work efficiently and to last for ages. Therefore, if there's really a process-hampering factor or material-debilitating influence lurking, one that's silently undermining a pressure vessel's key design features, it needs to be identified and removed fast.

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Identifying Pressure Vessel Nozzle Problems from Cracking Patterns

June 19, 2019

Potentially seen as a pressure vessel weak point, nozzle problems have been known to take precedence over other design features. As a matter of course, vessel geometries, wall thicknesses and weld seams account for the majority of this expert team's focus. All the same, from a safety standpoint, welded vessel nozzles are treated with equal respect, for they have been known to develop significant flaws.

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Radiographic Testing in Pressure Vessels: A Non-Destructive Inspection Process

June 4, 2019

Without preamble, let's talk about non-destructive pressure vessel testing. Long story short, vessel welds are not exposed to damaging sampling energies when they're inspected by NDT (Non-Destructive Testing) equipment.

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Ideal Materials Used for Pressure Vessel Manufacture

May 15, 2019

Even when a fabrication service has access to the finest manufacturing facilities, it's not possible to manufacture a high-performance pressure vessel if it's not equipped with an alloy-strengthened material backbone. Stretching that metaphor just a little further, the materials require flexibility, again, just like a backbone.

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Pressure Vessel Safety Guidelines in Handling and Storage of Flammable Liquids

May 6, 2019

When handling flammable liquids in Australia, you turn to the AS1940:2017 guidelines. It's in this document that the different classifications of combustible liquids are detailed. They deal with denser state fluids, plus the vapours that are discharged by those condensates. From handling the potentially incendiary fluids, the regulations turn a cautious virtual eye towards their storage. From handling guidelines to pressure vessel storage cautionary measures, the procedures amass.

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Pressure Vessel Materials for Different Pressure Vessel Applications

April 23, 2019

As the post heading implies, there are different types of pressure vessel materials, and they are used in different applications. Destined for a variety of fundamentally contrasting usage domains, it's easy enough to alter the geometry of a pressure vessel or to thicken its walls

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What is Hydrostatic Testing in Pressure Vessels?

April 5, 2019

The descriptive term provides an important clue, so we're ready to take a guess at the role this test technique plays. Being engineers, however, there's no room for guessing, so let's get the explanations down in black-and-white right now.

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Brittle Fracture Hazard in Pressure Vessels: Remedies and Solutions

March 18, 2019

Pressure vessels seem static, at least from a distance. They stand tall and resolute, but they also remain idle. That's not exactly true, though. Pressure vessels swell as they endure hoop stress.

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What are Brittle Fracture Hazards in Pressure Vessels?

March 5, 2019

Just as the term implies, fractures are cracks. In pressure vessels, the cracks propagate because of brittleness. How maddening is this situation? It's a disturbing material defect, to say the least.

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What are the Most Common Causes of Faulty Heat Exchangers?

February 22, 2019

Heat exchangers are exposed to stress. Every day, all day long, the heat trading devices are hit from two different directions by two different fluid mediums.

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Differences Between Direct and Indirect Fire Heaters

February 14, 2019

Available in two forms, furnace vessels are manufactured as either direct fired or indirect fired heaters. Now, everyone can recognize a direct fired unit when it's seen in use. It's the model that comes attached to a burner assembly.

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Reviewing the Technology and Concept of Heat Exchangerss

January 31, 2019

Familiar conventions endure in heat exchanger design. There are the shell and tube layouts, which are commonly placed alongside plate type heat exchangers.

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Different Types of Jacketed Tanks

January 15, 2019

Like a thermos, perhaps full of piping hot tea, jacketed tanks use an additional layer of encircling material to regulate fluid temperatures. Unlike a thermos, the second layer isn't made of fragile glass.

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