Primary Functions of Oil and Gas Separators

March 8, 2017

Oil well streams require separation. Granted, the crude black stuff is a prized commodity, but it has to be split into two fundamental states before it can be properly processed. Oil and gas separators are required to carry out this processing magic. It's not some kind of mysterious sorcery. Quite the opposite, in fact, this is a chemically-based procedure, one that's used on oil rigs and onshore facilities.

Primary Functions

Oil and gas separators are vital members of the pressure vessel family. They basically cleave the crude discharge in two. This remarkable action is made possible by phase separation mechanisms installed within pressure vessels. This isn't a true fractionization process, of course. That chemically active work is reserved for a fractional distillation tower. Instead, this is the front-end of the processing chain, a stage that divides the crude commodity into liquids, gases, and water.

Stage Separation

On a fundamental level, oil and gas separators operate a little like a filtration system. These aren't filters, of course, but the characteristics of the design do share some common features with an intricate sieving assembly. Primarily, the pressure vessels are located close to the wellhead. They conduct an immediate separation cycle so that oil, gas, water, and stream contaminants are divorced from one another. A second stage, perhaps even a third stage, adds processing power to the state segregating procedure, thus removing liquid particles from a gas, gas vapours from a gas-saturated liquid, and water droplets from both of these critically important hydrocarbon resources.

Internal Processing Components

Every sub-system inside the separator pressure vessel is state isolation-dedicated. That means that gravity separators are in place, as are mist extractors, cyclones, heated water baths, and much more. These are the fluid agitation solutions that actively look for the oil and gas mediums so that precious resources can be stored or relayed to the next processing sub-system. Handily, these processing methods are also separable, with centrifugal force, agitation, and heat topping the processing bill on this occasion.

Crude oil is a murky, contaminated stuff. Although trapped in shale deposits for millennia, its fluid base has become saturated with water and sedimentary particles. Oil and gas separators are the upstream solutions for this mucky, murky mess. They split the two valuable states, oil and gas, so that they're prepped for any and all secondary or tertiary refinement stations. In the meantime, those same pressure vessels are divorcing the streams from sediments, water, and all waste.

Contact Details

Fusion - Weld Engineering Pty Ltd
ABN 98 068 987619

1865 Frankston Flinders Road,
Hastings, VIC 3915

Ph: (03) 5909 8218

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